Asthma is a chronic disease. It can be health-threatening for a human. Asthma is associated with the following symptoms: cough, chest tightness, wheezing and breathing shortness. Asthma can be of two types: extrinsic (atopic) asthma and intrinsic asthma. Intrinsic and atopic asthma are connected with the level of the involvement of the human’s immune system.
A huge number of people all over the world suffer from asthma. Fortunately, nowadays people have a possibility to live a normal life with asthma, as a great number of medications are created for them. With a proper use of the prescribed drugs and following all the doctor’s recommendations, the patients can control asthma and prevent their symptoms worsening.
Asthma is a disease, in the result of which a person gets severe problems with breathing, coughing and shortness of breath, which are caused by the narrowing of the respiratory tract and mucus secretion in the lungs.
As for atopic (extrinsic) asthma, it determines the symptoms of asthma that occur within the atopic people. Atopic asthma is usually associated with hypersensitivity reactions, because the term “atopic” determines a person's susceptibility to the occurrence of allergic reactions. When having any contacts with allergens, a person who is allergic to any substance, may suffer from the attacks of asthma. An asthma attack can occur due to the fact that the person’s bronchi begin to narrow and secrete mucus. It leads to the occurrence of severe breathing problems.
Atopic asthma is often observed within children. This type of asthma is treated in the same way as other types of asthma. Besides taking the necessary medications, the patient should protect himself from any contacts with allergens, as they may cause the worsening of asthma symptoms and even cause asthma attacks.
Atopic asthma is characterized by the type I HS reaction and it usually occurs in the human’s lower respiratory tract. The number of adults and children suffering from atopic asthma and living in the developed countries is about from 10 to 20%.
In the case of atopic asthma, a large amount of mucus is released in the bronchi when the patient breaths in the antigens. Bronchi begin to collapse strongly and because of this the patient is not able to breathe properly. The patient may begin wheezing and choking on the air. The patients with atopic asthma have hypersensitivity in the airways. It is characterized by an increased predisposition to the symptoms that can lead to the narrowing of the airways, which is the main distinguishing characteristic of atopic asthma. In the case with atopic asthma, if an asthma attack completely blocks the respiratory airways and the human can’t breathe, then such an asthma attack can be fatal for the person. If a patient observes the worsening of the symptoms of asthma and can’t cope with them with the help of necessary medications, then it is necessary to seek medical help immediately, as it can be very dangerous for the human’s health and even can lead to death.
An important part while treating asthma is the avoidance of contacts with allergens. Different people may have different allergens. The most common allergens are: various chemicals, dust, air pollution and smoke from cigarettes. Today, there are laws that prohibit smoking in public places. It is very useful for people with asthma. Many people with asthma do breathing exercises and do yoga that helps them to control the disease and improve asthma symptoms.