Ventolin inhaler is indicated for rapid relief of acute asthma attacks, as well as for the treatment of patients with chronic obstructive bronchitis who do not respond to conventional therapy.
Ventolin inhaler contains Salbutamol as a main substance. Salbutamol is a selective β2-adrenergic receptor agonist. In therapeutic doses, it acts on β2-adrenergic receptors of the bronchi muscles.
The bronchodilator effect occurs within 5 minutes after inhalation, the duration of action is 4-6 hours.
Ventolin Nebula is intended for inhalation through the mouth with the help of a nebulizer, it should be administered under the supervision of a doctor.
Adults (including elderly patients). The usual initial inhalation dose of salbutamol is 2.5 mg. It can be increased to 5 mg. Repeat inhalation can be up to 4 times a day.
For the treatment of adult patients with severe airway obstruction, the dose may be increased to 40 mg / day, but such treatment should be performed under in-patient conditions under close medical supervision.
Children from the age of 12 years: Doses for adults.
Children aged 4 to 11 years. The usual initial inhalation dose of salbutamol is 2.5 mg. It can be increased to 5 mg. Inhalation can be repeated up to 4 times a day.
Increasing the dosage and frequency of the preparation use can be performed only by the doctor, taking into account the possibility of side effects when the dose is exceeded.
Patients who are treated with Ventolin at home should be warned about the following: if taking an effective dose of the drug usually does not bring relief or shorten the duration of this relief, you should consult a doctor, rather than increase the dose of the drug or the frequency of its use yourself.
The use of rescue inhalers, including salbutamol, has an effect on the cardiovascular system. According to the data of post-licensing application and published literature data, there are evidence of rare cases of occurrence of myocardial ischemia associated with the use of salbutamol.
During Pregnancy And Breastfeeding
Salbutamol during pregnancy is prescribed only if the expected benefit for the mother exceeds the potential risk to the fetus. According to the post-registration study, there were isolated reports of various congenital anomalies, including cleft palate and limb defects in children whose mothers used salbutamol during pregnancy.
Since Salbutamol can penetrate into breast milk, it is not recommended to prescribe it during breast-feeding, except for the situation when the expected benefit for the mother exceeds the possible risk for the child. Does the presence of salbutamol in breast milk have a harmful effect on the baby, is unknown.
From the nervous system: often - tremor, headache; very rarely - hyperactivity.
From the heart: often - tachycardia; infrequent - increased heart rate; very rarely - cardiac rhythm disturbance.
From the digestive tract: infrequently - irritation of the mucous membrane of the oral cavity and pharynx.
From the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue: infrequently - muscle cramps.